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Glossary of Health & Wellness Terms

Aggregate Data In statistics, aggregate data describes data combined from several measurements. When you aggregate data, you replace groups of observations with summary statistics based on those observations.

In economics, aggregate data or data aggregates describes high-level data that is composed from a multitude or combination of other more individual data.  (Wikipedia)

 

Algorithm – A step-by-step protocol, as for management of health care problems.

A finite set of unambiguous instructions performed in a prescribed sequence to achieve a goal, especially a mathematical rule or procedure used to compute a desired result.  Algorithms are the basis for most computer programming.  (American Heritage)

 

Assessment – The act of assessing; appraisal; evaluation. (Dictionary.com)

 

Baseline Information – Information found at the beginning of a study.  (Wikipedia)

 

Biometrics – Biology statistics – the process by which a person’s unique physical and other traits are detected and recorded by an electronic device.  For example; blood pressure, cholesterol measurement, and blood glucose levels. (Dictionary.com)

 

Body Mass Index – An index for assessing overweight and underweight (Dictionary.com)

A measurement of the relative percentages of fat and muscle mass in the human body, in which mass in kilograms is divided by height in meters squared and the result used as an index of obesity. (American Heritage)

 

Corporate Wellbeing – see Workplace Wellness

 

Demographic – Of or pertaining to demography, a single vital or social statistic of a human population.

Demography is the science of vital and social statistics, as of the births, deaths, diseases etc., of populations. (Dictionary.com)

 

Health – the general condition of the body or mind with reference to soundness and vigor: good health; poor health.

Soundness of body or mind; freedom from disease or ailment (Dictionary.com)

 

Health Fair – A health fair is an educational and interactive event designed for outreach to provide basic preventive medicine and medical screening to people in the community or employees at work in conjunction with workplace wellness.  It can also be a public health intervention.  (Wikipedia)

 

Medical History – the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient (Dictionary.com)

 

Mortality Data – the frequency of death in a population (Encyclopedia Britannica)

 

Peer Reviewed Scientific Study – Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers).  It constitutes a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field. (Dictionary.com)

Scientific Method – Scientific inquiry is generally intended to be as objective possible in order to reduce biased interpretations of results. Another basic expectation is to document, archive and share all data and methodology so they are available for careful scrutiny by other scientists, giving them the opportunity to verify results by attempting to reproduce them. This practice, called full disclosure, also allows statistical measures of the reliability of these data to be established when data is sampled or compared to chance. (Wikipedia)

 

Physiological Data – being in accord with or characteristic of the normal functioning of a living organism. (Dictionary.com)

Physiology – The scientific study of an organism’s vital functions, including growth and development, the absorption and processing of nutrients, the synthesis and distribution of proteins and other organic molecules, and the functioning of different tissues, organs, and other anatomic structures. Physiology studies the normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical processes of animals and plants. (American Heritage)

 

Population – The set of individuals, items, or data from which a statistical sample is taken. (American Heritage)

 

Productivity – the quality, state, or fact of being able to generate, create, enhance, or bring forth goods and services. (Dictionary.com)

In business, a measure of worker efficiency, such as one hundred units per hour. (American Heritage)

 

Quantify – to measure (Dictionary.com)

 

Questionnaire – a list of questions submitted for replies that can be analyzed for usable information. (Dictionary.com)

A set of questions on a form, submitted to a number of people in order to collect statistical information (Collins English Dictionary)

 

 

Risk – exposure to the chance of injury or loss, a hazard or dangerous chance; in a dangerous situation or status (Dictionary.com)

 

 

Wellness – the quality or state of being healthy in body and mind, especially as the result of deliberate effort.

 

An approach to healthcare that emphasizes preventing illness and prolonging life, as opposed to emphasizing treating diseases. (Dictionary.com)

 

Workplace wellness – Workplace wellness is any workplace health promotion activity or organizational policy designed to support healthy behavior in the workplace and to improve health outcomes. Generally speaking, health promotion is defined as “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health,” and health promotion can be carried out in the workplace as well as many other settings. Known as ‘corporate wellbeing’ outside the US, it consists of a variety of activities such as health fairs, health education, medical screenings, health coaching, weight management programs, wellness newsletters, on-site fitness programs and/or facilities and educational programs.

Workplace wellness has been expanded over the past decade to encompass the overall creation of a “culture of health” within the worksite. (Wikipedia)

 

 

Wellness Screening – see Health Fair

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